Extras  Study Guide

Chapter 11 Taxonomy and Phylogeny
  1. Carolus Linnaeus introduced a system of classification, or taxonomy, for grouping and naming similar organisms in hierarchical categories (taxa).
  2. Using standardized scientific nomenclature avoids confusion that can arise from common names.
  3. Charles Darwin proposed a theory of evolution to explain the adaptation of organisms to their environment in a process called natural selection.
  4. Taxonomy should reflect phylogeny, the evolutionary history of organisms based on descent from a common ancestor.
  5. The phylogeny of plants (Kingdom Plantae) reflects adaptation to terrestrial habitats.
  6. Major Angiosperm families include:
bot1320 Home +space -space Aug 16, 2012 Print Print