Four species of grouses are native to the Great Plains.

The Sharp-tailed and Greater Sage Grouse occupied the short and mixed-grass habitats to the west, while the Greater and Lesser Prairie Chicken roamed the taller grasses to the east of the plains.

All four species perform a mesmerizing courtship ritual: males congregate in clearings alled leks, and compete in mating dances by twirling and bobbing while puffing up neck pouches to make a booming sound.